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Music Theory for Guitar - Intervals - the Sevenths

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Intervals - the Sevenths

The sevenths are the largest intervals within an octave. There are intervals that spans more than one octave, the composite intervals. But we will come back to these intervals later. Once again there are major and minor sevenths.

The major seventh

The major second is five whole steps and a half step above the root. There are only two major sevenths in a major scale. The example chosen is C-B.

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Go to my Ear Training Lesson for the other major seventh in the C-major scale: F-E.

The minor seventh

The minor seventh is four whole steps and two half steps above the root. It is the dissonant intervals that is most used in chords, as it is a part of all 7-chords

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Go to my Ear Training Lesson for examples of the the other minor sevenths in the C-major scale: E-D, G-F, A-G, B-A.

If we want to add to the description of the seconds and sevenths, we can say that both groups of intervals are aggressive. The seconds fight hand-to-hand, while the sevenths are shooting across the streets. The sevenths do not always sound that dissonant. Try this scale harmonized in 7ths.

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Previous page: Music Theory for Guitar - Intervals - the Seconds Next page: Music Theory for Guitar - Intervals - the Tritone or the Diminished Fifth