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Music Theory for Guitar - Intervals - the Seconds

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Intervals - the Seconds

The seconds are the first of the dissonant intervals. As said in the lesson on thirds, the dissonant intervals sound unpleasant, uncomfortable and even aggressive. The first interval we will tackle, is the second. There are major and minor seconds.

The major second

The major second is one whole step above the root. The interval chosen as an example, is C-D.

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Go to my Ear Training Lesson for examples of the other major seconds in the C-major scale: D-E, F-G, G-A and A-B

The minor second

The minor second is one half step above the root. It is the most dissonant of all intervals. It sound like a siren. But as we will see later, they are very important intervals in a harmonic context. There are only two minor seconds in the major scale, and I have chosen E-F as an example.

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Go to my Ear Training Lesson for the the other minor second in the C-major scale: B-C.

Notice that the notes of a second interval are overlapping in standard notation. One is on the line, the other in the space.

It does not make much sense to harmonize a scale in seconds. It will be too dissonant.

Further references
I: GP 2002-04
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Previous page: The consonant invervals - sounds Next page: Music Theory for Guitar - Intervals - the Sevenths